Species list - Trees


One Nature Reserve task is attaching identification tags to selected trees — an important step for future generations. Fauna Arborist, Ken McAuslan has identified over 125 tree species, both native and exotic, on Fauna’s property to date. Many of the exotic trees at Fauna are far from their native comfort zones. We’ve nevertheless been successful in their cultivation by creating microclimates for them wherever possible, and of course betting to some degree on climate change. This list will be updated as we continue to identify additional tree species here at Fauna.

Native Broadleaf Tree Species

  • American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
  • American Elm (Ulmus americana)
  • American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)
  • American Linden (Tilia Americana)
  • American Mountain Ash (Sorbus americana)
  • Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera)
  • Beaked Hazel (Corylus cornuta)
  • Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)
  • Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra)
  • Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)
  • Black Maple (Acer nigrum)
  • Black Willow (Salix nigra)
  • Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
  • Butternut (Juglans cinerea)
  • Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)
  • Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana)
  • Cockspur Hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli)
  • Downy Hawthorn (Crataegus mollis)
  • Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)
  • Gray Birch (Betula populifolia)
  • Highbush-cranberry (Viburnum trilobum)
  • Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
  • Largetooth Aspen (Populus grandidentata)
  • Manitoba Maple (Acer negundo)
  • Northern Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)
  • Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
  • Pin Cherry (Prunus pensylvanica)
  • Pussy Willow (Salix discolor)
  • Red Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
  • Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
  • Serviceberry (Amelanchier)
  • Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)
  • Showy Mountain Ash (Sorbus decora)
  • Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum)
  • Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)
  • Speckled Alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)
  • Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)
  • Striped Maple (Acer pensylvanicum)
  • Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)
  • Swamp White Oak (Quercus bicolor)
  • Rock Elm (Ulmus thomasii)
  • Trembling Aspen (Populus tremuloides)
  • Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)
  • White Ash (Fraxinus americana)
  • White Birch (Betula papyrifera)
  • White Oak (Quercus alba)
  • Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)

Native Conifer Tree Species

  • Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)
  • Black Spruce (Picea mariana)
  • Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
  • Eastern Larch (Larix laricina)
  • Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  • Eastern White-cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
  • Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
  • Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana)
  • Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida)
  • Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)
  • Red Spruce (Picea rubens)
  • White Spruce (Picea glauca)

Exotic Broadleaf Tree Species

  • Amur Cherry (Prunus maackie)
  • Amur Cork Tree (Phellodendron amurense)
  • Amur Maple (Acer ginnala)
  • Apple (common) (Malus sylvestris (cultivars))
  • Apple (Flowering Crab) (Malus (cultivars))
  • Asian Pear (Pyrus Pyrifolia)
  • Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
  • Black Oak (Quercus velutina)
  • Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
  • Black-Gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Bottlebrush Buckeye (Aesculus parviflora)
  • Blue Ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata)
  • Carolina Silverbell (Halesia carolina)
  • Cherry Birch (Betula lenta)
  • Chestnut Oak (Quercus montana)
  • Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii)
  • Common Hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata)
  • Common Pear (Pyrus communis)
  • Common Smoke-Tree (Cotinus coggygria)
  • Cucumber Tree (Magnolia acuminata)
  • English Oak (Quercus robur)
  • European Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
  • European White Birch (Betula pendula)
  • Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
  • Honey-Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
  • Horse Chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
  • Japanese Heartnut (Juglans ailantifolia)
  • Japanese Lilac (Syringa reticulata)
  • Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum)
  • Katsura-Tree (Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
  • Kousa Dogwood (Cornus kousa)
  • Littleleaf Linden (Tilia cordata)
  • London Plane Tree (Platanus X acerifolia)
  • Miyabe Maple (Acer Miyabei)
  • Magnolia (many cultivars) (Magnolia)
  • Manchurian Catalpa (Catalpa bungei)
  • Northern Catalpa (Catalpa speciosa)
  • Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)
  • Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
  • Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)
  • Paw Paw Tree (Asimina triloba)
  • Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)
  • Pin Oak (Quercus palustris)
  • Red Hickory (Carya glabra)
  • Rhododendron (many species) (Rhododendron)
  • River Birch (Betula nigra)
  • Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
  • Southern Catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides)
  • Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
  • Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima)
  • Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinelle)
  • Siberian Pea-Tree (Caragana arborescens)
  • Shellbark Hickory (Carya laciniosa)
  • Shingle Oak (Quercus imbricaria)
  • Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii)
  • Sourwood Tree (Oxydendrum arboreum)
  • Sweetbay Magnolia (Magnolia virginiana)
  • Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
  • Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipfera)
  • Turkish Hazel (Corylus colurna)
  • Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum)
  • White Mulberry (Morus alba)

Exotic Conifer Tree Species

  • Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra)
  • Bald-Cypress (Taxodium distichum)
  • Colorado Spruce (Picea pungens)
  • Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides)
  • European Larch (Larix decidua)
  • Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
  • Japanese Larch (Larix kaempferi)
  • Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis)
  • Mugho Pine (Pinus mugo)
  • Norway Spruce (Picea abies)
  • Nootka False Cypress (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis)
  • Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica)
  • American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)